Pieterse, E. (2004). Recasting urban integration and fragmentation in post-apartheid South Africa. Development Update, 5 (1), 81-104.
This paper presents the current urban development debates and discourses, wherein South African cities appear as segregated and fragmented as previously. He posits five main reasons for this, based on a review of recent scholarship on the persistence of urban fragmentation in South Africa. A politicised approach to the problematic of urban integration is presented, which avoids the usual technocratic approach and encourages insurgent interests in the city to claim their rights and entitlements through the available participatory democratic forums, with benefits both for themselves and for the city at large.